Peculiarities of phishing threats and preventive measures in the conditions of war in Ukraine
The paper is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of phishing attacks on the personnel of enterprises and institutions of Ukraine during the war period (from February 2022- till now). The life cycle of the most popular attacks is analyzed. The focus is made on email phishing, which is the most popular for attacks on enterprises. A list of typical topics of phishing emails, psychological vectors of phishing influence, typical for attacks on Ukrainian users, additional factors that contribute to the success of attacks have been revealed. A countermeasures for phishing attacks prevention have been recommended. A list of phishing keywords was collected and templates were developed, a software solution based on artificial intelligence approaches was proposed to automate the generation of phishing letters in Ukrainian that can be used during "false alarms" and staff training in large enterprises.
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